Tooth Socket Grafting
Tooth Socket Grafting For Future Implant Placement
Dental implants are used to replace missing teeth, usually after tooth extraction due to tooth decay or other forms of tooth damage. However, most people do not go for implant placement immediately after extraction. On top of that, the extracted tooth leaves an open socket that might not heal properly. As a result, by the time you are ready for implant placement, you might find that your bone has deteriorated extensively, such that it cannot support implants. Luckily, it is possible to prevent this from happening by preserving the tooth socket. At Periodontal Associates, we help to do this using the tooth socket grafting procedure.
What is Tooth Socket Grafting?
Tooth socket grafting is an oral surgical procedure that helps to protect a tooth socket following extraction. It does this by preventing bone loss and helping to stimulate the growth of additional bone structure to fill the socket. As a result, when you are ready for implant placement, there will be sufficient jawbone structure to support the implants.
Why is Tooth Socket Grafting Important?
During a tooth extraction procedure, the jawbone structure surrounding the tooth structure is easily damaged. This, combined with other factors such as poor oral hygiene, infected gums, and infected jawbone can cause the socket not to heal properly. As a result, the jawbone starts to deteriorate, starting with the area surrounding the socket and then spreading to other areas.
In just one year following the extraction, the amount of bone loss can amount to 25% of the original bone. The bone loss can reach 60% in three years following extraction. Therefore, the longer the socket remains unattended, the more bone is lost. As a result, your jawbone is unable to support implant placement, and additional, and more extensive procedures such as bone grafting are needed to restore the lost bone.
Tooth socket grafting helps to prevent all these problems by preserving the socket. The procedure also helps to protect the adjacent teeth by preventing the spread of bone loss, something that can result in multiple tooth loss. Lastly, and most importantly, it ensures that there is enough strong jawbone to support implants, which increases the chances of successful implant placement.
The Tooth Socket Grafting Procedure
Tooth socket grafting is performed immediately following a tooth extraction procedure. After the tooth removal, any damaged bone structure and other substances such as the root and nerves are removed. The socket is then cleaned, leaving a clean and uninfected space. A bone graft or an alternative bone graft source is placed inside. It is then covered using a bio-compatible material to hold the graft material in place. The gum tissue surrounding the socket is then stitched up, fully sealing the area.
As the area starts to heal, the bone graft material also starts to grow, creating new bone structure. This bone structure also meshes with the existing jawbone, until they become one bone. Once this happens, a dental implant can then be inserted to replace your lost tooth.
Bone loss is a common dental problem following tooth extraction. However, we, at Periodontal Associates, can prevent this from happening and preserve your jawbone in readiness for implants using tooth socket grafting. Call us today at (971) 317-8414 to find out more about this procedure.